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中国钢铁企业的智能制造之路跑偏了吗?

FABUSHIJIAN:2017-06-17  LAIYUAN:JIEMIANXINWEN

江苏快3 “SHIJIEGANGTIEKANZHONGGUO,ZHONGGUOGANGTIEKANHEBEI”,ZHEIJUSHUNKOULIUZAIYEJINXINGYEGUANGWEILIUCHUAN。

YIHEBEIWEIDAIBIAODEJINGJINJIDIQU,JUJILEHEGANGJITUAN、SHOUGANGJITUANHETIANJINGANGGUANDENGWEISHUZHONGDUODEDAXINGGANGQI,SHIZHONGGUOGANGTIEGONGYEZUIZHONGYAODESHENGCHANJIDI。

近两年,在“”等政策的引导下,国内钢铁行业掀起了智能制造的建设热潮,京津冀地区的钢企自然也是这股风潮的引领者之一。

京津冀钢企争相试点智能钢厂

ZHONGGUOZHANJULESHIJIEGANGTIECHANLIANGDEBANBIJIANGSHAN,SHIHAOWUYIWENDEGANGTIEDAGUO,DANQIJULIGANGTIEQIANGGUODEMUBIAOHAIYOUHENZHANGYIDUANJULI。

江苏快3 ZAIJINGLILEXINGYE“HUANGJINSHINIAN”ZHIHOU,ZHONGGUOGANGTIEGONGYEMUQIANZHENGCHUYUCHANNENGGUOSHENG、LIRUNXIAJIANGYIJIHUANBAODUCHAQUYUYANGEDENGDUOFANGMIANDEZHONGYAZHIXIA。2016NIANCHU,ZAIGAOBIECIQIANYINIANQUANXINGYEJUKUIQIANYIYUANDECANTONGHOU,XINYILUNDEGANGTIEQUCHANNENGZHENGCELAKAIWEIMU。ZHONGYANGZHENGFUTICHULEQUCHANNENGDEXINMUBIAO:ZAIWUNIANSHIJIANNEI,YAJIAN1—1.5YIDUNCUGANGCHANNENG。

ZAIQUCHANNENGDEBEIJINGXIA,RUHETIGAOCHANPINZHILIANGHESHENGCHANXIAOLV,YIJINKENENGDIDECHENGBENTIGONGGENGYOUJINGZHENGLIDEGANGCAI,SHIDANGXIAGANGTIEQIYESUOSIKAODEZHUANXINGFANGXIANG,YESHITAMENZHENGXIANGJIARUZHINENGZHIZAOSHENGJIDAJUNDEYUANYIN。

江苏快3 ZHEIYIDIANYEYICHENGWEILEXINGYEGONGSHI。QUNIANMO,GONGXINBUFABUDE《GANGTIEGONGYEDIAOZHENGSHENGJIGUIHUA(2016-2020NIAN)》ZHONGJIUTICHU,JIHUAZAI2020NIANPEIYUXINGCHENGYIPIGANGTIEZHINENGZHIZAOGONGCHANG。

对于京津冀地区的钢企而言,其所面临的产能及环保压力极为严峻,智能制造转型的命题也因此变得更加紧迫,不少企业早已跃跃欲试。在工信部公布的智能制造试点示范项目中,也包括北京首钢股份等京津冀钢铁企业的身影,首钢股份计划在2018年建成的“硅钢一冷轧”就在上述名单中。

中国钢铁企业的智能制造之路跑偏了吗?

江苏快3 HEBEISHENGYIZUOGANGCHANGNEI,LIANGWEIGONGRENZHENGZAICHANXIANSHANGJIANCHAGANGCAIDESHENGCHANZHILIANG。

LAIYUAN:SHIJUEZHONGGUO

SHOUGANGGUFENZHINENGHUAYINGYONGBUFUBUZHANGDAIYAHUIJIESHAOSHUO,ZAIGAIXIANGMUWANCHENGHOU,JIANGYOUWANGRANGGONGCHANGDESHENGCHANXIAOLVTIGAO20%,CHANPINBULIANGPINLVJIANGDI20%,CONGERSHIXIANYUNYINGCHENGBENJIANSHAOCHAOGUOLIANGCHENGDEMUBIAO。LIANGNIANDUOQIAN,TASUOZAIDEBUMENYOUYUANXINXIHUABUMENGAIMINGERLAI,MUQIANCHENGDANZHEZHINENGGANGCHANGDEJIANSHERENWU。


与其他制造业相比,钢铁行业由于程度较高,其发展智能制造的基础也更为坚实。数据显示,中国钢铁工业关键工艺流程数控化率超过65%,企业资源计划(ERP)装备率则在70%以上。

ZHONGGUOGANGTIEGONGYEXIEHUITONGJICHENG,YIXINXIHUATOURUWEILI,GUONEIGANGTIEXINGYEMEINIANWEICITOUZI50YIYUANZUOYOU,ZHEIXIEZIJINZHONG,BUFENBEIYONGLAICAIGOUCHUANGANQIZHEIYANGDEJIANCESHEBEI,YONGYUZAIGANGCAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGBAKONGCHANPINZHILIANG。JISHIZAICHANNENGGUOSHENGDAOZHIXINGYELIRUNDAFUSUOSHUIDEZUIJINSHUNIAN,GANGTIEQIYEMENYIRANZAICIFANGMIANWEICHIZHEGAOTOURU。

江苏快3 SUIRANGUONEIGANGTIEXINGYEDEZIDONGHUA、XINXIHUASHUIPINGFENHUACHENGDUXIANGDUIYANZHONG,DANYIWEIBUYUANJUMINGDEZHONGGUOGANGTIEGONGYEXIEHUIZHUANJIARENGPINGJIACHENG,JIUZONGTIERYAN,GUONEIGANGTIEGONGYEDE“LIANGHUARONGHE”CHENGDUZAIZHIZAOLINGYUCHUYULINGXIANDIWEI。

典型问题:“重硬件、轻软件”

BUGUOSHANGSHUZHUANJIAYETIXINGCHENG,CONGSHENGCHANZIDONGHUAZHUANXINGZHIZHINENGZHIZAODEDAOLUJUEFEITANTU。TARENWEI,BAOKUOGANGTIEZAINEIDEGEXINGGEYE,DOUCHUYUTANSUOJIEDUAN,DAODIYAOSHIXIANYIGEZENYANGDEMUBIAO,SHANGMEIYOUXIANCHENGDEMOBANKEGONGCANZHAO。

ERDUIYUZHINENGZHIZAODERENSHIRUGUOBUDAOWEI,GANGTIEQIYEJIUKENENGZOURUFAZHANDEWUQUZHONG,BIRUZAI“ZHONGYINGJIAN、QINGRUANJIAN”ZHEIYANGDEWENTISHANGZAIGENTOU。

“一些企业在某条产线或某个车间应用江苏快3后,就将其定义为智能制造,这是完全错误的。智能制造的核心是智能决策,是工业软件的应用。”冶金工业规划研究院院长李新创指出,要想真正实现智能制造,并不是单纯花钱买设备就能解决的。

TADESHANGSHUGUANDIANSHIZAIYANJIUGUONEIGANGQIZHINENGZHIZAOXIANZHUANGDEJICHUSHANGDECHUDE,ZHONGGUO90%ZUOYOUDEGANGQIDOUSHIYEJINGUIHUAYUANDEHEZUOHUOBAN。ZAILIXINCHUANGKANLAI,ZHINENGZHIZAOSHIGOUJIANYITAORUANYINGJIANRONGHEDEXINXIWULIXITONG,ERBUSHIJINJINJIEZHUZHUANGBEILAISHIXIANZIDONGHUA。

TONGCHANGERYAN,GANGCHANGYINGJIANSHEBEIDUISHENGCHANXIAOLVDETISHENG,KEYIYONGLIANGHUADEZHIBIAOLAIHENGLIANG,BIRUSHANGYITAOSHEBEIHOU,JIUNENGZAISHENGCHANXIANSHANGCHEXIADUOSHAOSHULIANGDEGONGREN。DANRUANJIANDEYINGYONGXIAOGUO,GENGDUOTIXIANZAIGUANLIXIAOLVDETISHENG,NANYILIANGHUA。ERSHOUXIANYUGUANLISHUIPINGHERENYUANSUZHI,BUFENQIYEDEXINXIHUAXIANGMUHAICHANGCHANGDABUDAOYUQIXIAOGUO。

江苏快3 ZAITONGGUORUANJIANTISHENGGANGCHANGXINXIHUASHUIPINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WANGWANGHUIDAPOJIYOUDEGUANLIMOSHI,LIUCHENGGENGJIAGONGKAITOUMINGDETONGSHIYEBIRANCHUJIDAOMOUXIEQIANZAILIYI。ERZAIRUANJIANXIANGMUYUNZUOCHUQIDEMOHEJIEDUAN,KENENGHAIHUIZENGJIAGONGZUOLIANG,JIAZHONGYUANGONGDUIYUCILEIGAIBIANDEDICHUQINGXU。

SHOUGANGGUFENZHINENGHUAYINGYONGBUFUBUZHANGDAIYAHUIJIESHAOCHENG,ZAISHISHIZHINENGHUAGAIZAOSHI,GONGCHANGRENGRANZHENGCHANGSHENGCHAN,YINCIGONGRENMENBIXUJIANGUSHENGCHANHEGAIZAOLIANGXIANGRENWU,QUESHIDAILAILEGENGDADEGONGZUOLIANG。ERZHINENGHUAGAIZAODEJINXING,YEYIWEIZHEYIXIANGONGRENXUYAOZHANGWOBAOKUOZIDONGHUA、XINXIHUADENGXIANGJIAOYIWANGGENGDUODEZHISHI。

中国钢铁企业的智能制造之路跑偏了吗?

HEBEISHENGQINHUANGDAOSHIYIZUOGANGCHANGDESHENGCHANKONGZHISHINEI,GUANLIRENYUANZHENGZAIJIANCHAGEXIANGSHENGCHANSHUJU。

江苏快3 LAIYUAN:XIMENZI

江苏快3 ZAIQIANSHUZHONGGANGXIEZHUANJIAKANLAI,QUEFAYUGANGTIEZHIZAOXIANGSHIYINGDEZHINENGHUARUANJIANJIEJUEFANGAN,YESHIJIANSHEZHINENGGANGCHANGBUKEHUIBIDEWENTI。YUQICHEZHIZAOXIANGBI,GANGTIEXINGYESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEYINGXIANGYINSUXIANGDUIGENGDUO,BIRUZAIYELIANJIAGONGHUANJIE,JIUSHEJIDAOBUTONGGONGXUYINFADEGANGCAIXINGZHUANG、CHENGFENHEJIEGOUBIANHUA。JIUMUQIANERYAN,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDABUFENSHIHOUHAIXUYIKAOYIXIANRENYUANDEJINGYANYINGDUITUFAZHUANGKUANG。

李新创因此指出,智能钢厂要想做到“软硬兼施”,“软件要好用”和“用户要用好”缺一不可。目前,国内一些特大型钢铁企业已开始与国外的“江苏快3”方案供应商联手,共同探索智能钢厂这个新命题。

“工业4.0”在三年前由德国政府提出,这项被视为第四次工业革命的战略很快风靡全球。此后,中国政府也发布了“”行动纲领,虽然两者名称不同,但均以智能制造为共同的目标。

2016年以来,河钢和首钢等京津冀地区的大型钢企纷纷与西门子展开智能制造领域的战略合作。作为拥有170年历史的德国“老字号”,西门子一直以和电气设备为工业界所熟知,而在数字化时代来临之际,它也迅速完成转身,成为了世界十大软件公司之一。

“大数据”是智能制造的基础

ZAIXIMENZI(ZHONGGUO)YOUXIANGONGSIGUOCHENGGONGYEYUQUDONGJITUANFUZONGCAIHEYUANKAISUOMIAOHUIDELANTUZHONG,JIANLI“SHUJUCAIJI—SHUJUFENXI—FAXIANGUILV—JIANLIZHUANJIAXITONG—SHIXIANCHANXIANDEZIZHUYOUHUAKONGZHI”DELIUCHENG,CAINENGCUCHENGZHINENGGANGCHANGDESHIXIAN,DACHENG“YOUHUASHENGCHANXIAN”ZHEIYIWEILAIZHINENGHUADEMUBIAO。

SHOUGANGGUFENZHINENGHUAYINGYONGBUFUBUZHANGDAIYAHUIYEZHICHU,SHENGCHANLIUCHENGZHONGSHUJUDESHOUJISHIFOUWANZHENGHEZHUNQUE,SHIZHINENGZHIZAODEJICHU。BIRUNENGFOUZAILIANTIEJILIANGANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,RANGSHEBEICHANSHENGDEDALIANGSHUJUXINGCHENGYITIAOWANZHENGDESHUJULIAN,JIUSHIFENZHONGYAO。

ERZHEIYIDIANQIAQIASHIBUSHAOGUONEIGANGTIEQIYEDEMINGMEN。DAIYAHUIGAOSUJIEMIANXINWENJIZHE,“MUQIANGUONEIGANGTIEXINGYEZHONG,90%YISHANGDEQIYEDOUZUOBUDAOSHUJUSHANGDEWANZHENGXING。”

在首钢股份建设中的“硅钢一冷轧”,就在实施诸如无人天车这样的智能化改造。它将车间所下线钢卷的信息实时反馈至仓储系统,待江苏快3完成钢卷打捆和标识号码等作业后,由系统向无人天车发送指令,后者借助激光定位识别钢卷的位置,并将它们吊装送至仓库的特定垛位。通过这项改造,原先由4个班组、8名员工运营的天车系统,现在只需要1-2人在控制中心待命即可。

DAIYAHUIBIAOSHI,TONGGUOWURENTIANCHEDENG16GEHUANJIEDEZHINENGHUAGAIZAO,SHOUGANGDEZHINENGGONGCHANGJIANGDATONGSHEBEIDUANDAODUANDELIANJIE,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGWANSHANGONGCHANGYUANYOUDEXINXIHUAXITONG。

中国钢铁企业的智能制造之路跑偏了吗?

江苏快3 YIZUOGANGCHANGDECANGKUNEI,TIANCHEZHENGZAIDIAOZHUANGGANGCONGCHEJIANXIAXIANDEGANGJUAN。

LAIYUAN:SHIJUEZHONGGUO

江苏快3 QIANSHUZHONGGANGXIEZHUANJIAYEZHUYIDAO,ZHUDUOXINJISHUYIBEIYINGYONGYUGUONEIGANGTIEQIYEDE“DASHUJU”TIXIZHONG。BIRU,YIJIAZHIMINGGANGCHANGTONGGUOSHENGCHANSHEBEISHANGDESHEXIANGTOUSHISHICAIJICHANXIANSHANGGANGCAIDEBIAOMIANTUAN,BINGTONGGUOJIANMOFENXIBUTONGTUANYUCHANPINZHILIANGDEGUANXI,YICITIGAOGANGCAIDESHENGCHANZHILIANG。BUGUO,LEISIZHEIYANGDEJISHUMUQIANHAICHUYUYINGYONGDESHIYANJIEDUAN。

江苏快3 ZAIHEYUANKAIKANLAI,DUIYUXIANJIEDUANDEZHONGGUOGANGTIEXINGYELAISHUO,FAZHANZHINENGZHIZAOBUNENGJIGONGJINLI。TARENWEI,BUGUANSHIDAQIYEHAISHIZHONGXIAOQIYE,ZAIFAZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOXIANFENXIZISHENDESHIJIQINGKUANG,BINGYICISHISHIGUIHUA,BIRURENQINGZISHENDEZUIDATONGDIANSHISHENME:SHICHANPINZHILIANG、SHENGCHANXIAOLVHAISHIQITAYINSU?

针对不同发展阶段的钢企,类似西门子这样的供应商也有着相对应的解决方案。比如,对于自动化程度较低的钢厂,采用可编程控制器()、分布式)后,可满足其控制机械设备和实现生产过程自动化的需求;对于希望实现产品研发和制造一体化的钢企,工厂全生命周期管理软件(COMOS)有助于提升产线和设备的运营维护和管理;而对那些已初步实现自动化的钢厂来说,基于云的开放式物联网操作系统MindSphere等则能提升它们的数字化管理水平。

江苏快3 HEYUANKAIRENWEI,DUIGUONEIDEGANGTIEQIYEERYAN,ZUIZHONGYAODESHIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGZUOHAOZHANGQIGUIHUA,XIANJIEJUEZISHENCUNZAIDEZUIDAWENTI,ERBUSHIZAIHAIMEIGAOQINGZHINENGZHIZAOSHISHENMEZHIQIANJIUYIHONGERSHANG。QIANSHUZHONGGANGXIEZHUANJIAYETIXINGCHENG,ZAIFAZHANZHINENGGANGCHANGSHI,YECHUXIANYIXIEGANGQI“WEILESHANGXIANGMUERSHANGXIANGMU”,YIZHENGQUZHENGFUZIJINBUTIEDEQINGKUANG,ERQIXIANGMUBENSHENSHIFOUSHUYUZHINENGZHIZAODEFANCHOU,ZEHAIYOUDAISHANGQUE。


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